Nepali or Nepalese (नेपाली) is a language in the Indo-Aryan branch of the Indo-European language family.
Nepali its the official language of Nepal and is also spoken in some part of India, Myanmar, and Bhutan. Nepali language has official status in the state of Sikkim, West Bengal and Darjeeling district.
Historically, the language was first called Khaskura (language of the khas 'rice farmers'), then Gorkhali or Gurkhali (language of the Gorkha Kingdom) before the term Nepali was taken from Nepal Bhasa. Other names include Parbatiya ("mountain language", identified with the Parbatiya people of Nepal) and Lhotshammikha (the "southern language" of the Lhotshampa people of Bhutan). The name 'Nepali' is ambiguous, as it was originally a pronunciation of Nepal Bhasa, the Tibeto-Burman language of the capital Kathmandu.
Nepali is commonly written in the Devanagari script, Sanskrit. Above textarea allows easy typing in Nepali. Nepali developed a significant literature within a short period of hundred years in the 19th century, fueled by Adhyatma Ramayana; Sundarananda Bara (1833);
Almost two-third of the population of Nepal speak Nepali as a native language. The Ethnologue website counts more than 17 million speakers worldwide, including 11 million within Nepal (from the 2001 census).
Nepali is traditionally spoken in the Hill Region of Nepal (Pahad, पहाड), especially in the western part of the country. Though Nepal Bhasa was the dominant language in the Kathmandu valley,Nepali is the most dominant nowadays.Nepali is now used in government and as the everyday language of a growing portion of the local population. Nevertheless the exclusive use of Nepali in the courts and government of Nepal is being challenged. Recognition of other ethnic languages in Nepal was one of the objectives of the Maoist insurgency